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    Bahmanagan

    بهمنگان ، جشن بهمنجه


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    Jashn-e Bahmangan also called Bahmanjeh Feast is one of ancient Iranian Festivities celebrated in the month of Bahman, the 11th month of Persian Solar Year.In the old Zoroastrian calendar, when the day of the month coincides with the name of the month, then a feast was held. In this case, the month of Bahman, the 11th month coincides with the day of Bahman (Bahman-rooz), the second day of Bahman. Some people suggest that Bahmangan falls on the 26th of the month of DAY (Jan, 16) however; in Official Iranian calendar it is 22nd.Bahman is one of the archangels of Zoroastrianism which is called Vohiiman or Vohumana in Avesta; meaning good thought (mind). This angel protects useful animals. In ancient Iran, festivities to celebrate the day took place among common people as well as royals and noblemen. The festival is recorded by many authors including Biruni, Gardizi, Asadi Tusi, Anwari etc. According to Biruni and Gardizi, in Khorasan, an assortment of all sorts of grain, vegetables, and fruits were cooked together in the pot of Bahmanagan. People cooked this food; treated each other to it and also it was sold at the Bazaar. In respect to Bahman, as the angel protecting cattle, people do not have meat on this day.According to Gardizi, the flowers of the plant named the red-Bahman were mixed with fresh milk. He further continues that the people believed it to beneficial for the memory as well to keep away the evil eye. It was usual to wear new clothes for this festival.Today, the modern day Zoroastrian-Iranian festival of Bahmanrooz continues to be an especially holy day for Zoroastrians of Iran.Bahman PlantThis plant is the same as the equivalent modern Persian term Zardak-e Sahrayi, which blooms in the month of Bahman. It has a red or white root. Since it was a medical plant, it is mentioned in Arabic medical texts from which it passed into Latin and in the form béhen into French. Two varieties, béhen rouge and béhen blanc, are found and still used in medicine.In some cities in Greater Iran, Bahmangan is celebrated as Fathers day.In this ceremony, participants stand side by side, join hands and recite prayers. (Wikipedia) - Bahmanagān   (Redirected from Bahmangan)

    Bahmanagān (Persian: بهمنگان‎) or BAHMANJANA (Arabicized form of Middle Persian Bahmanagān; forms such as Bahmaṇča (Persian: بهمنجه‎) or Bahmaṇčena are also found) was a Zoroastrian Iranian festival which was maintained until the Mongol invasion by Iranian Muslims.

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    Festival

    In the old Zoroastrian calendar, when the day of the month coincides with the name of the month, then a feast (Persian: Jashn) was held. In this case, the month of Bahman which was the 11th month coicides with the day of Bahman (Bahman-rūz). Bahman is one of the archangels of Zoroastrianism. Henceforth, for each such a day in the calendar, the Middle Persian names of these were formed by addition of the suffix agān (association suffix and also a plural suffix) to the day-name. Festivities to celebrate the day took place among both the common people as well as the people associated with the courts. The festival is recorded by many authors including Biruni, Gardizi, Asadi Tusi, Anwari etc. According to Biruni and Gardizi, in Khorasan, an assortment of meat and all sorts of grain, vegetables, and fruits were cooked together in a pot called dīg-e Bahmanjana (the pot of Bahmanagān). The population cooked this dish, treated each other to this dish and also it was widely sold on the Bazar. According to Gardizi, the flowers of the plant named the red-Bahman (Persian: Bahman-e Sorkh) were mixed with fresh milk. He further continues that the people believed it to beneficial for the memory as well to keep away the evil eye. It was usual to wear new clothes for this festival.

    Today, the modern day Zoroastrian-Iranian festival of Bahmanrūz continues to be an especially holy day for Zoroastrians of Iran.

    Bahman Plant

    This plant is the same as the equivalent modern Persian term zardak-e ṣaḥrāʾī (a wild carrot), which blooms in the month of Bahman (January–February). It has a red or white root. Since it was a medical plant, it is mentioned in Arabic medical texts from which it passed into Latin and in the form béhen into French. Two varieties, béhen rouge and béhen blanc, are found and still used in medicine.

    Notes
  • ^ a b c Z. Safa, "BAHMANJANA" in Encycloapedia Iranica
  • ^ ʿAbd al-Ḥayy Ḥabībī, "Tarikh-e Gardizi", Tehran, 1347 Š./1968.
  • Tags:1968, Arabic, Avesta, Bahman, Bahmangan, Bazaar, Biruni, French, Greater Iran, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Festivities, Iranica, Khorasan, Mongol, Persian, Tehran, Wikipedia, Zoroastrian, Zoroastrians


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