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    * Anwar Sadat *

    انور سادات

    (Wikipedia) - Anwar Sadat
    • Muhammad Anwar El-Sadat
    • أنور السادات
    3rd President of EgyptPrime Minister Vice President Preceded by Succeeded by Prime Minister of Egypt President Preceded by Succeeded by President Preceded by Succeeded by Vice President of Egypt President Preceded by Succeeded by President Preceded by Succeeded by Speaker of the National Assembly of Egypt President Preceded by Succeeded by President Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Died Nationality Political party Other political affiliations Spouse(s) Children Religion Signature Military service Allegiance Service/branch Years of service Rank
    In office 15 October 1970 – 6 October 1981 Acting: 28 September 1970 – 15 October 1970
    See list
      • Mahmoud Fawzi
      • Aziz Sedki
      • Himself
      • Abd El Aziz Muhammad Hegazi
      • Mamdouh Salem
      • Mustafa Khalil
      • Himself
    See list
    Gamal Abdel Nasser
    Sufi Abu Taleb (Acting) Hosni Mubarak
    In office 15 May 1980 – 6 October 1981
    Mustafa Khalil
    Hosni Mubarak
    In office 26 March 1973 – 25 September 1974
    Aziz Sedki
    Abd El Aziz Muhammad Hegazi
    In office 19 December 1969 – 14 October 1970
    Gamal Abdel Nasser
    Hussein el-Shafei
    Ali Sabri
    In office 17 February 1964 – 26 March 1964
    Gamal Abdel Nasser
    Hussein el-Shafei
    Zakaria Mohieddin
    In office 26 March 1964 – 12 November 1968
    Gamal Abdel Nasser
    Abdel Latif Boghdadi
    Mohamed Labib Skokeir
    In office 21 July 1960 – 27 September 1961
    Gamal Abdel Nasser
    Abdel Latif Boghdadi
    Muhammad Anwar El-Sadat (1918-12-25)25 December 1918 El Monufia, Egypt
    6 October 1981(1981-10-06) (aged 62) Cairo, Egypt (assassination)
    National Democratic Party
    Arab Socialist Union
    • Ehsan Madi
    • Jehan Sadat
    Lubna Anwar Sadat Noha Anwar Sadat Gamal Anwar El Sadat Jehan Anwar Sadat
    Sunni Islam
    Egyptian Army

    Muhammad Anwar El Sadat (Arabic: محمد أنور السادات‎ Muḥammad Anwar as-Sādāt  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: ; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, under whom he served as Vice President twice and whom he succeeded as President in 1970.

    In his eleven years as president, he changed Egypt''s trajectory, departing from many of the political, and economic tenets of Nasserism, re-instituting a multi-party system, and launching the Infitah economic policy. As President, he led Egypt in the October War of 1973 to regain Egypt''s Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967, making him a hero in Egypt and, for a time, the wider Arab World. Afterwards, he engaged in negotiations with Israel, culminating in the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty; this won him and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin the Nobel Peace Prize. Though reaction to the treaty—which resulted in the return of Sinai to Egypt—was generally favorable among Egyptians, it was rejected by the country''s Muslim Brotherhood and leftists in particular, who felt Sadat had abandoned efforts to ensure a Palestinian state. With the exception of Sudan, the Arab world and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) strongly opposed Sadat''s efforts to make a separate peace with Israel without prior consultations with the Arab states. His refusal to reconcile with them over the Palestinian issue resulted in Egypt being suspended from the Arab League from 1979 to 1989. The peace treaty was also one of the primary factors that led to his assassination.


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