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    * Alids *

    خاندان علی

    (Wikipedia) - Alids For other uses, see Aleviler. For the mainly Syrian-Shi’ite religious group, see Alawis. For the mainly mystical branch of Twelver-Shi’ites in Turkey, see Alevis. Ali
    Part of a series on
    • Sunni view of Ali
    • Shi''a view of Ali
    • Non-Muslim view of Ali
    • Marital life
    • Birthplace
    • First Fitna
    • Timeline of Ali''s life
    • Alids
    • Hadith of the pond of Khumm
    • Nahj al-Balagha
    • Al-Ghadir
    • Qalam-e-Mowla
    • Zulfiqar
    • Imam Ali Mosque
    • Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim
    • Ali the Warrior
    • Ali as Caliph
    • The Fourteen Infallibles
    • Imam (The Twelve Imams)
    • Ali in the Qur''an
    Related articles
    • Rashidun Caliph (Rashidun Caliph)
    • Succession to Muhammad
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    • e

    The Alids are the dynasties descended from Ali ibn Abi Talib, son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (see Family tree of Muhammad and Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali). Shia Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by Muhammad and the first rightful caliph.


    Lines of Descent

    Primarily Sunnis in the Arab world reserve the term sharif or "sherif" for descendants of Hasan ibn Ali, while sayyid is used for descendants of Husayn ibn Ali. Both Hasan and Husayn are grandchildren of Prophet Muhammad, through the marriage of his cousin Ali and his daughter Fatima. However ever since the post-Hashemite era began, the term sayyid has been used to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn. Arab Shiites use the terms sayyid and habib to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn; see also ashraf.

    To try to resolve the confusion surrounding the descendants of Muhammad, the Ottoman Caliphs during the 19th Century C.E. attempted to replicate the Almanach de Gotha (the tome listing the Noble houses of Europe) to show known and verifiable lines of descent. Although not 100% complete in its scope (some lines might have been excluded due to lack of proof, although no false lines are included) the resulting "Kitab al-Ashraf" (Book of the Sharifs), kept at the Topkapi Palace Museum in Istanbul is one of the best sources of evidence of descent from Muhammad.

    There are several dynasties of Alid origin:

    Genealogical tree of the Fatimid caliphs (in yellow). Their ancestry from the seven Ismaili imams (in grey) and Muhammad is also shown.Ali ibn Abi Talib,Husayn ibn Ali,Ali Zayn al Abidin ibn Husayn,Muhammad el Bakir ibn Ali,Djafar el Sadik ibn Muhammad,Ismail ibn Djafar, Muhammad ibn Ismail, Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah ibn Muhammad ibn Ismail), Muhammad at-Taqi (Ahmed ibn Abadullah ibn Muhammad), Raḍī ʿAbd Allāh az-Zaki (Husayn ibn Ahmad ibn Abadullah) and Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah.Ali ibn Albi Talib,Husayn ibn Ali,Ali Zayn al Abidin ibn Husayn,Muhammad el Bakir ibn Ali,Djafar el Sadik ibn Muhammad,Musa ibn Ja''far al-Kazim, Hamzah ibn Musa, Mohammad al-Qasim ibn Hamzah , Ahmed ibn Mohammad, Mohamed ibn Ahmed , Ismail ibn Mohamed, Ja''far ibn Ismail, Ibrahim ibn Ja''far , Mohamed ibn Ibrahim , Ali ibn Mohamed, Mohamed ibn Mohamed, Feroz Shah ibn Mohamed, Awoad ibn Feroz Shah , Mohamed ibn Awoad , Rashid ibn Mohamed, Ahmed ibn Rashid , Gabriel ibn Ahmed, Isaac ibn Gabriel , Safi al-Din ibn Isaac, Sadruddin ibn Safi al-Din , Ali ibn Sadruddin, Ibrahim ibn Ali, Sadruddin ibn Ibrahim, Haider ibn Sadruddin, Shah Ismail Safavid ibn Haider.Genealogical Trees

    This is a table of the interrelationships between the different parts of the Alid dynasties:

    Ali ibn Abi Talib
    Hasan al-Mujtabā al-Husayn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
    Zayd Hasan al-Mu''thannā Ali Zayn al-Abedin Ali Abu Hashim
    Hasan Yahya Muhammad Hasan
    Hasan (Alavids) Ali
    Abdallah Daud Hasan Ibrahim Jā`far Muhammad Hasan
    Sulayman Ali Ismail Hasan Ali
    Sulaymanids of Yemen and Mecca Husayn Sahib Fakhkh Ibrahim Tabataba Hasan Husayn ''Umar al-Ashraf Zayd Muhammad al-Bakir
    Muhammad Kasim al-Rassi Ubayd Allah Yahya Idris Jā`far al-Ṣādiq
    Imams of Yemen Hasan al-Utrush Hasan Husayn
    Musa Yahya Ibrahim Idris Sulayman Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya Jā`far Isa
    Ali Ibrahim Abd Allah Idrisids of Morroco and Hammudids of Spain Sulaymanids of the Maghrib Sharifs of Morocco Sharifs of Sus Yahya ibn Umar al-Kūfī
    Husayn al-Ukhaydir Yusuf Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`far Abdullah al-Aftah Musa al-Kazim Ishak Muhammad al-Dibadj
    Banu al-Ukhaydir Musa Salih Sulayman Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl Muhammad ibn Abdullah Ali al-Rida Ahmad
    Banu Katada of Mecca and Banu Fulayta Banu Salih of Ghana Sulaymanid Sharifs Hidden Imams Muhammad al-Djawad
    Fatimid Caliphs Musa Ali al-Hadi
    Imams of Alamut Muhammad Hasan al-Askari Jā`far
    Muhammad al-Mahdi

    Below is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. For the ancestors of ibn Ali see the family tree of Muhammad and the family tree of Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imamah as Ahl al-Bayt.

    Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali See also: Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali

    Muhammad grandfather (family tree)   Khadijah bint Khuwaylid grandmother
        Fatimah mother                   Ali father (family tree) (descendants) 1st Shia Imamah, 4th Sunni Rashidun
    Muhsin ibn Ali brother   Hasan ibn Ali brother 2nd Twelver/Mustaali/Zaidiyyah Imamah     Husayn ibn Ali 3rd Twelver/Mustaali/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Nizari Imamah   Umm Kulthum bint Ali sister   Zaynab bint Ali sister
            Shahrbanu wife   Rubab bint Imra al-Qais wife       Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi wife     Umm Ishaq bint Talhah wife          
        Fatema Sugra bint Husayn daughter   Sakinah bint Husayn daughter   Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn son   Sukayna bint Husayn daughter   Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn son   Fatimah bint Husayn daughter
          Ali ibn Husayn son 4th Twelver/Mustaali/Zaidiyyah and 3rd Nizari Imamah   Fatimah bint al-Hasan daughter-in-law     Jayda al-Sindhi      
            Muhammad al-Baqir grandson 5th Twelver/Mustaali and 4th Nizari Imamah   Farwah bint al-Qasim (Umm Farwa)       Zayd ibn Ali grandson 5th Zaidiyyah Imamah
    Hamidah Khatun       Ja''far al-Sadiq great-grandson 6th Twelver/Mustaali and 5th Nizari Imamah       Fatima bint al-Hussain''l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali
    Musa al-Kadhim great-great-grandson 7th Twelver Imamah     Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja''far al-Sadiq great-great-grandson     Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`far great-great-grandson 7th Mustaali and 6th Nizari Imamah   Unknown
          Ummul Banīn Najmah                  
    Ali ar-Ridha great-great-great-grandson 8th Twelver Imamah   Sabīkah a.k.a. Khayzurān         Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl great-great-great-grandson 8th Mustaali, 7th Nizari and last Sevener Imamah   Fatima
    Sumānah   Muhammad al-Taqi great-great-great-great- grandson 9th Twelver Imamah     Unknown   Ahmad al-Wafi great-great-great-great-grandson 9th Mustaali and 8th Nizari Imamah   Other issue
    Ali al-Hadi great-great-great-great-great-grandson 10th Twelver Imamah   Hâdise ( Hadīthah ) / Suzan ( Sūsan ) / Sevil ( Savīl )   Other issue   Muhammad at-Taqi great-great-great-great-great-grandson 10th Mustaali and 9th Nizari Imamah   Unknown
        Hasan al-Askari great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson 11th Twelver Imamah   Narjis           Rabi Abdullah great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson 11th Mustaali and 10th Nizari Imamah
            Muhammad al-Mahdi great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson 12th and final Twelver Imamah

    Family tree of Hasan ibn Ali

    The Hashemites of Sharifs of Mecca, Kings of Jordan, Syria and Iraq are descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali:

    Genealogical tree of the Hashemite family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet, which is contradictory to the previous family tree of Hasan bin Ali in some parts.

    The Alaouites, Kings of Morocco, are also descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali through Al Hassan Addakhil:

    Genealogical tree of the Alouite family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet, which is contradictory to the previous family tree of Hasan bin Ali.

    Genealogoical chart of the descent from the Prophet of the Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Fez and Morocco, Kings of Tunis, and the Senussi dynasty, founders and heads of the Libyan Senussi Order and Kings of Libya are also descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali through Al Hassan Addakhil.

    Genealogical tree of the Idrisid and Senussi family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet.

    Tags:Alamut, Alids, Allah, Arab, Arabia, Ashraf, Dynasty, Europe, Gabriel, Ghadir, Ghana, Hashemite, Imam, Imam Ali, Iraq, Isaac, Islam, Islamic, Ismaili, Istanbul, Jordan, Khatun, Libya, Libyan, Life, Mahdi, Mecca, Morocco, Muhammad al-Mahdi, Musa, Muslim, Ottoman, Prophet Muhammad, Ras al-Khaimah, Rashidun, Safavid, Safavids, Safi, Shah, Shah Ismail, Sharjah, Shia, Somalia, Spain, Sunni, Syria, Syrian, Timeline, Tunisia, Turkey, Wikipedia, Yemen, Zaydid

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