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    * Abolhasan Banisadr *

    Abulhassan Bani Sadr

    ابوالحسن بنی صدر


    Iranian_Banisadr_Italian_Fallaci_1979.jpg
    Banisadr was the first elected Iranian president who was dismissed by the parliament after siding with leftist paramilitary groups specially terrorist MKO. He was dismissed from duty by Majlis vote on June, 22, 1981.Abulhassan Banisadr, born 22 March 1933 is an Iranian politician, economist and human rights activist who served as the first President of Iran from 4 February 1980 after the 1979 Iranian Revolution and the abolition of the monarchy until his impeachment on 21 June 1981 by the Parliament of Iran. Prior to his presidency, he was Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Interim Government.Banisadr was born in 22 March 1933 in Hamedan in a religious family. His father was close to the Ruhollah Khomeini. He studied Finance and Economics at the Sorbonne.Banisadr had participated in the anti-Shah student movement during the early 1960s, was imprisoned twice, and was wounded during an uprising in 1963. He then fled to France and joined the Iranian resistance group led by Ayatollah Khomeini. Banisadr returned to Iran together with Khomeini as the revolution was beginning in February 1979. He wrote a book on Islamic finance, Eghtesad Tohidi, an Arabic phrase that roughly translates as "The Economics of Monotheism."After the Iranian Revolution, Banisadr became Deputy Minister of Finance in 4 February 1979 and was in office until 27 February 1979. After the resignation of Interim Government's finance minister Ali Ardalan resigned in 27 February 1979, he was appointed as Finance Minister by Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan. In 12 November 1979, Banisadr was appointed as Foreign Minister to replace Ebrahim Yazdi in a government that was led by Council of Islamic Revolution. He was elected as President of the Council after Mahmoud Taleghani's death and was president until he was elected as President of the Republic.He was elected to a four-year term as President on 25 January 1980, receiving 78.9 percent of the vote in the election, and was inaugurated on 4 February. Khomeini remained the Supreme Leader of Iran, with the constitutional authority to dismiss the President. The inaugural ceremonies were held at the hospital where Khomeini was recovering from a heart ailment.Banisadr was not an Islamic cleric; Khomeini had insisted that clerics should not run for positions in the government. In August and September 1980, Banisadr survived two helicopter crashes near the Iranian border with Iraq.Banisadr soon fell out with Khomeini, who reclaimed the power of Commander-in-Chief on 10 June 1981.The Majlis (Iran's Parliament) impeached Banisadr in his absence on 21 June 1981, allegedly because of his moves against the clerics in power, in particular Mohammad Beheshti, then head of the judicial system. Khomeini himself appears to have instigated the impeachment, which he signed the next day.Even before Khomeini had signed the impeachment papers, the Revolu

    Tags:Abolhasan Banisadr, Abulhassan Banisadr, Arabic, Ayatollah, Ayatollah Khomeini, Banisadr, Bazargan, Beheshti, Ebrahim Yazdi, France, Hamedan, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Revolution, Iraq, Islamic, Islamic Revolution, Khomeini, MKO, Mahmoud Taleghani, Majlis, Mehdi, Mehdi Bazargan, Minister of Finance, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Parliament, President, President of Iran, Prime Minister, Ruhollah Khomeini, Sadr, Shah, Sorbonne, Supreme Leader, Supreme Leader of Iran, Taleghani, Yazdi


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