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    (Wikipedia) - Ashok Maurya or Ashoka, popularly known as Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from ca. 269 BC to 232 BC. One of India's greatest emperors, Ashoka reigned over most of present-day India after a number of military conquests. His empire stretched from present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan in the west, to the present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of Assam in the east, and as far south as northern Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. He conquered the kingdom named Kalinga, which no one in his dynasty had conquered starting from Chandragupta Maurya. His reign was headquartered in Magadha. He embraced Buddhism from the prevalent Hindu tradition after witnessing the mass deaths of the war of Kalinga, which he himself had waged out of a desire for conquest. He was later dedicated to the propagation of Buddhism across Asia and established monuments marking several significant sites in the life of Gautama Buddha. Ashoka was a devotee of ahimsa, love, truth, tolerance and vegetarianism. Ashoka is remembered in history as a philanthropic administrator. In the history of India, Ashoka is referred to as Samraat Chakravartin Ashoka - the Emperor of Emperors Ashoka. His name "au015Boka" means "painless, without sorrow" in Sanskrit (the a privativum and u015Boka "pain, distress"). In his edicts, he is referred to as Devu0101nu0101mpriya (Pali Devu0101nau1E43piya or "The Beloved Of The Gods"), and Priyadaru015Bin (Pali Piyadasu012B or "He who regards everyone with affection"). Along with the Edicts of Ashoka, his legend is related in the later 2nd century Au015Boku0101vadu0101na ("Narrative of Asoka") and Divyu0101vadu0101na ("Divine narrative"), and in the Sri Lankan text Mahavamsa ("Great Chronicle"). Ashoka played a critical role in helping make Buddhism a world religion. As the peace-loving ruler of one of the world's largest, richest and most powerful multi-ethnic states, he is considered an exemplary ruler, who tried to put into practice a secular state ethic of non-violence. The emblem of the modern Republic of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka. Ashoka Asoka Maurya Samrat A "Chakravartin" ruler, 1st century BCE/CE. Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati. Preserved at Musee Guimet Reign 274–232 BCE Coronation 270 BCE Titles Samraat Chakravartin; other titles include Devanampriya and Priyadarsin Born 304 BCE Birthplace Pataliputra, Patna Died 232 BCE (aged 72) Place of death Pataliputra, Patna Buried Ashes immersed in the Ganges River, possibly at Varanasi, Cremated 232 BCE, less than 24 hours after death Predecessor Bindusara Successor Dasaratha Wives Samragyi Vidisha Devi Rani Padmavati Rani Kaurwaki Rani Tishyaraksha Royal House Mauryan dynasty Yadava Father Bindusara Mother Rani Dharma or Shubhadrangi Children Mahendra, Sanghamitra, Tivala, Kunala Religious beliefs Buddhism Ashoka Maurya (304 BCE - 232 BCE) commonly known as Ashoka and also as Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from ca. 269 BCE to 232 BCE. One of India's greatest emperors, Ashoka reigned over most of present-day India after a number of military conquests. His empire stretched from the Hindu

    Tags:Afghanistan, Asia, Bangladesh, Buddha, Capital, Dynasty, India, Pakistan, Sanskrit, Wikipedia


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