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    * AFC Asian Cup *

    جام ملت‌های آسیا


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - AFC Asian Cup For other uses, see Asia cup (disambiguation). AFC Asian Cup Founded Region Number of teams Current champions Most successful team(s)
    1956
    Asia (AFC)
    16
     Japan (4th title)
     Japan (4 titles)
    2015 AFC Asian Cup
    Tournaments
    The 2007 AFC Asian Cup final
    • 1956
    • 1960
    • 1964
    • 1968
    • 1972
    • 1976
    • 1980
    • 1984
    • 1988
    • 1992
    • 1996
    • 2000
    • 2004
    • 2007
    • 2011
    • 2015
    • 2019

    The AFC Asian Cup is an international association football tournament run by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). It is the second oldest continental football championship in the world after Copa América. The winning team becomes the champion of Asia and automatically qualifies for the FIFA Confederations Cup.

    The Asian Cup was held once every four years from the 1956 edition in Hong Kong until the 2004 tournament in Mainland China. However, since the Summer Olympic Games and the European Football Championship were also scheduled in the same year as the Asian Cup, the AFC decided to move their championship to a less crowded cycle. After 2004, the tournament was next held in 2007 when it was co-hosted by four nations: Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Thereafter, it has been held every four years.

    The Asian Cup has generally been dominated by a small number of top teams. Initially successful teams included South Korea and Iran. Since 1984 Japan and Saudi Arabia have been the most successful teams, winning 7 of the previous 8 Finals. Other teams which have achieved success at times include Iraq, Israel and Kuwait.

    Australia joined the Asian confederation in 2007, and are hosting the Asian Cup finals in 2015. The 2019 tournament will be expanded from 16 teams to 24 teams, with the qualifying process doubling as part of the qualification for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

    Unlike other confederation tournaments, the Asian Cup has often been rescheduled to another time of year to better suit the climate of the host nation.

    Contents

    History

    From its humble beginnings in 1956, the AFC Asian Cup has grown into the continent''s biggest football event, one that stands proudly alongside any top level competition around the globe in terms of excitement, entertainment and organization. Within the span of five decades, the AFC Asian Cup has encompassed the huge continent bringing together Asia''s top national teams every four years in a fantastic feast of top-notch football.

    Two years after Asian Football Confederation (AFC) came into being in 1954, the first ever AFC Asian Cup was staged in Hong Kong with seven of the 12 founding members vying for the title to become Asia''s best football team. The qualifying process involved the hosts plus the winners of the various zones (central, eastern and western). It was only a four-team tournament, a format that also existed for 1960 and 1964. Each sub-confederation already hosts their own biennial championship, each with varying degrees of interest. The dominance factor has swung between the East and West so far. From the superiority of South Korea in the early years of the competition, the tournament became the preserve of the mighty Iran who won three consecutive tournaments in 1968, 1972 and 1976 which also hosted the first and last editions.

    West Asian countries ruled in the eighties with Kuwait becoming the first country from the Arab region to win the championship in 1980, followed by Saudi Arabia''s impressive and consecutive wins in 1984 and 1988.

    Japan hold the record for the most victories in the tournament''s history with title triumphs in 1992, 2000, 2004 and 2011.

    Iraq are the only winners in the new millennium (other than Japan) when they famously defeated Saudi Arabia 1–0 in the summit clash in 2007 in Indonesia. The fairy-tale win left the then war-torn nation elated in a clear sign of football''s immense power to bring people together as their thrilling triumph at the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium in Jakarta hogged the limelight the world over.

    The 2007 edition of the AFC Asian Cup also saw Australia come face-to-face for the first time with the footballing powers of Asia before the Socceroos signed off with a creditable quarter-final finish. Having come to grips with Asian football, the Australians went all the way to the final in their next outing four years later only to suffer heartbreak in the pulsating Doha final when they lost to Japan 1–0 in extra-time.

    Trophy

    The AFC Asian Cup trophy which is awarded to the winner of the tournament. Since the first tournament it has been awarded to the winning team for them to keep for four years, until the next tournament.

    Results Year HostFinalThird Place MatchNumber of teams Champions Score Runners-Up Third Place Score Fourth Place
    1956 Details  Hong Kong South Korea 1 Israel Hong Kong 1 South Vietnam 4
    1960 Details  South Korea South Korea 1 Israel Republic of China 1 South Vietnam 4
    1964 Details  Israel Israel 1 India South Korea 1 Hong Kong 4
    1968 Details  Iran Iran 1 Burma Israel 1 Republic of China 5
    1972 Details  Thailand Iran 2–1 aet South Korea Thailand 2–2 aet (5–3) pen Khmer Republic 6
    1976 Details  Iran Iran 1–0 Kuwait China PR 1–0 Iraq 6
    1980 Details  Kuwait Kuwait 3–0 South Korea Iran 3–0 North Korea 10
    1984 Details  Singapore Saudi Arabia 2–0 China PR Kuwait 1–1 (5–3) pen Iran 10
    1988 Details  Qatar Saudi Arabia 0–0 aet (4–3) pen South Korea Iran 0–0 (3–0) pen China PR 10
    1992 Details  Japan Japan 1–0 Saudi Arabia China PR 1–1 (6–5) pen United Arab Emirates 8
    1996 Details  UAE Saudi Arabia 0–0 aet (4–2) pen United Arab Emirates Iran 1–1 (3–2) pen Kuwait 12
    2000 Details  Lebanon Japan 1–0 Saudi Arabia South Korea 1–0 China PR 12
    2004 Details  China Japan 3–1 China PR Iran 4–2 Bahrain 16
    2007 Details  Indonesia  Malaysia  Thailand  Vietnam Iraq 1–0 Saudi Arabia South Korea 0–0 aet (6–5) pen Japan 16
    2011 Details  Qatar Japan 1–0 aet Australia South Korea 3–2 Uzbekistan 16
    2015 Details  Australia 16
  • ^ Round-robin tournament.
  • Teams reaching the top four Team Winners Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place Finalist Semifinalist
     Japan 4 (1992*, 2000, 2004, 2011) 1 (2007) 4 5
     Saudi Arabia 3 (1984, 1988, 1996) 3 (1992, 2000, 2007) 6 6
     Iran 3 (1968*, 1972, 1976*) 4 (1980, 1988, 1996, 2004) 1 (1984) 3 8
     South Korea 2 (1956, 1960*) 3 (1972, 1980, 1988) 4 (1964, 2000, 2007, 2011) 6 10
     Israel1 1 (1964*) 2 (1956, 1960) 1 (1968) 3 4
     Kuwait 1 (1980*) 1 (1976) 1 (1984) 1 (1996) 2 4
     Iraq 1 (2007) 1 (1976) 1 3
     China PR 2 (1984, 2004) 2 (1976, 1992) 2 (1988, 2000) 2 6
     United Arab Emirates 1 (1996*) 1 (1992) 1 3
     India 1 (1964) 1 1
     Myanmar 1 (1968) 1 1
     Australia 1 (2011) 1 2
     Hong Kong 1 (1956*) 1 (1964) 2
     Taiwan 1 (1960) 1 (1968) 2
     Thailand 1 (1972*) 1
     South Vietnam 2 (1956, 1960) 2
     Cambodia 1 (1972) 1
     North Korea 1 (1980) 1
     Bahrain 1 (2004) 1
     Uzbekistan 1 (2011) 1
    * hosts1 Israel was expelled from the AFC in the early 1970s and eventually became a member of UEFA.Records and statistics Main article: AFC Asian Cup records and statistics Penalty shoot-outs

    For teams played two or more  Saudi Arabia 4-0 100%  Iraq 3-0 100%  China PR 2-0 100%  Japan 3-2 60%  Thailand 1-1 50%  Kuwait 1-1 50%  South Korea 3-4 43%  United Arab Emirates 1-2 33%  Iran 1-6 14%

    For teams played one  Cambodia 1-0 100%  Bahrain 1-0 100%  Uzbekistan 0-1 0%  Jordan 0-1 0%  Australia 0-1 0%

    Tags:1968, 2015, AFC, AFC Asian Cup, Arab, Arabia, Asia, Asian Football Confederation, Australia, Bahrain, Burma, Cambodia, China, Doha, Emirates, FIFA, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar, North Korea, Olympic, Olympic Games, Qatar, Saudi, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, UAE, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Wikipedia, World Cup


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