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    * Masouleh *

    ماسوله


    http://danamotor.ir/Iran_Gilan_Fouman_Masoulah_High_Quality_Clouds.jpg
    Masouleh (Masuleh) is a small mountain village in Fouman district of Gilan Province north of Iran. Photo: High Quality picture of Masouleh mountainside with clouds descending The historical town of Masouleh, having an attractive nature and a wonderful architecture with an antiquity of more than 1000 years, is situated at a distance of 35 km from Fouman and 60 km from Rasht, and 1050 m. above the Caspian Sea. Masouleh is registered as historical towns in the historical & cultural heritage register under the number 1090. This beautiful complex, remained from history with traditions, manners and customs, handicrafts, and many natural and historical sites, is the host of thousands of eager guests and travelers every year. Masouleh is a city in and the capital of Sardar-e Jangal District, in Fuman County, Gilan Province, Iran. Historical names for the city include Māsalar and Khortāb. It was founded in the 10th century AD. Masouleh architecture is unique. The buildings have been built into the mountain and are interconnected. Courtyards and roofs both serve as pedestrian areas similar to streets. Masouleh does not allow any motor vehicles to enter, due to its unique layout. It is the only village in Iran with such a prohibition. However, the small streets and many stairs simply also wouldn't make it possible for vehicles to enter. The spectacular architecture of Masouleh is well-known as "The yard of the above building is the roof of the below building". Yellow clay coats the exterior of most buildings in Masouleh. This allows for better visibility in the fog. Buildings are mostly 2 stories (1st floor and below floor) made of adobe, rods and bole. Small living room, big Guest room, winter room, Hall, WC and Balcony are usually found in 1st floor. Cold closet, barn and stable are located at below floor that attaches to the upper floor by several narrow steps inside the building. There are four main local communities at the village named: "Maza-var" (meaning: beside the Mosque) at the south, "Khana-var" (meaning: beside homes) at the East, "Kasha-sar" (meaning: stretched on top) at the North, and, "Assa-mahala" (meaning: Assad community) at the West. Apparently down-town is the Market (Bazaar) area and also the main mosque of the village, named: "O-ne-ben-ne Ali". The native people of Masouleh speak Talesh (Talysh), a Northwestern Iranian language spoken in the northern regions of Gilan, Ardebil and the southern regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The first village of Masouleh was established approximately around 1006 AD, 6 kilometers northwest of the current village and is called Old Masouleh. People moved from Old Masouleh to the current village because of pestilence and neighbor attacks. Masouheh-Rood-Khan is the river passing through the city, with a waterfall located just 200 meters away from the village. Many other springs are found around Masuleh. Masuleh is surrounded by forest from valley to mount. Fog is the predominant weather feature of Masuleh. The picturesque village of Masouleh imbedded in the heart of mountains of Northern Iran, is a cultural heritage landmark on UNESCO's World Heritage List. Old Masouleh windows are famous for their unique green attraction with beautiful flowers. October, 10 is celebrated as the National Day of Masouleh village. How to get there? Minibus or savari from Fouman which is reachable by same mean of transport from Rasht. There are daily buses from Rasht to Tehran. There is also a direct bus connection from Tehran to Fouman and back but it might be harder to find. If that's too far, there's a restaurant named Masouleh in Chicago: http://www.masouleh.biz (Wikipedia) - Masuleh   (Redirected from Masouleh) "Khortab" redirects here. For the village in Lahijan County, see Khortab, Lahijan. For the village in Mazandaran Province, see Khortab Rud. Masuleh ماسوله Country Province County Bakhsh Population (2006)  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST)
    city
    Masuleh view
    Masuleh
    Coordinates: 37°09′18″N 48°59′23″E / 37.15500°N 48.98972°E / 37.15500; 48.98972Coordinates: 37°09′18″N 48°59′23″E / 37.15500°N 48.98972°E / 37.15500; 48.98972
     Iran
    Gilan
    Fuman
    Sardar-e Jangal
    554
    IRST (UTC+3:30)
    IRDT (UTC+4:30)

    Masuleh  pronunciation (help·info) (Persian: ماسوله‎, also Romanized as Māsūleh and Massulya) is a city in and the capital of Sardar-e Jangal District, in Fuman County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 554 individuals from 180 families.

    Historical names for the city include Māsalar and Khortāb. It was founded in the 10th century AD.

    Masuleh is approximately 60 km southwest of Rasht and 32 km west of Fuman. The village is 1,050 meters above sea level in the Alborz (or Elburz) mountain range, near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. The village itself has a difference in elevation of 100 meters.

    Although it has been written that the community was established around 10 AD, the province of Gilan has a long history. The first village of Masuleh was established around 1006 AD, 6 km northwest of the current city, and it is called Old-Masuleh (Kohneh Masuleh in Persian). People moved from Old-Masuleh to the current city because of pestilence and attacks from neighbouring communities.

    Masouheh-Rood-Khan is the river passing through the city, with a waterfall located just 200 meters away from the village. Many other springs are found around Masuleh.

    Masuleh is surrounded by forest from valley to mount.

    Fog is the predominant weather feature of Masuleh.

    Contents

    Architecture

    Masuleh architecture is unique. The buildings have been built into the mountain and are interconnected. Courtyards and roofs both serve as pedestrian areas similar to streets. Masuleh does not allow any motor vehicles to enter, due to its unique layout. It is the only city in Iran with such a prohibition. However, the small streets and many stairs simply wouldn''t make it possible for vehicles to enter.

    The spectacular architecture of Masuleh is popularly known as "The yard of the building above is the roof of the building below".

    Yellow clay coats the exterior of most buildings in Masuleh. This allows for better visibility in the fog.

    Buildings are mostly two stories (1st floor and ''ground'' floor) made of adobe, rods and bole. A small living room, big guest room, winter room, hall, WC and balcony are usually found in 1st floor. A cold closet, barn and stable are located on the floor below, which are connected to the upper floor by several narrow steps inside the building.

    There are four main local communities at the city named: "Maza-var" (meaning beside the Mosque) at the south, "Khana-var" (beside homes) at the East, "Kasha-sar" (stretched on top) at the North, and, "Assa-mahala" (Assad community) at the West. Apparently, down town is the Market (Bazaar) area and also the main mosque of the city, named "O-ne-ben-ne Ali" (Awn Ibn Mohammad Ibn Ali Ibn. Abi Taleb) built in 969 AD.

    Language

    The native people of Masuleh speak Talysh.

    Lists of mayors Office Term Number Name Office
    1 Amir Ostovar Unknown First person to be specifically appointed Mayor
    2 Assadollah Gharib Masouleh Unknown  
    3 Mohammed Mohammadi Unknown  

    Tags:Alborz, Ardebil, Azerbaijan, Bazaar, Caspian, Caspian Sea, Chicago, Fouman, Gilan, Gilan Province, Ibn, Iran, Iranian, Khan, Lahijan, Masouleh, Mazandaran, Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran, Persian, Rasht, Talesh, Talysh, Tehran, UNESCO, Wikipedia, World Heritage


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