The year 1909 A.D.

in the Iranian History

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Persian_Qajar_Woman_Pilgrim.jpg

February, 13, 1909 A.D.:
Yepram Khan Leads The Uprising


Mohammad Ali Shah's shelling the parliament with cannons instigated people from all around Iran to join revolutionary forces. Yeprem khan, originally an Armenian was chosen the leader of these forces in Gilan. With the help of immigrant Caucasians they took control of Rasht and joined forces with ot... Read Full Article:


Railroad_Bridge_Oil_fields.jpg

April, 14, 1909 A.D.:
British Persian Petroleum Company Registered


A year after exploring rich oil reserves in Masjed-e-Soleyman in 1908, William Knox D'Arcy registered the British Persian petroleum company in London. Before D'Arcy, a French man named Julius Reuter had tried to gain the rights to Iranian oil reserves but he did not succeed. But D'Arcy somehow succe... Read Full Article:


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April, 19, 1909 A.D.:
American Teacher Killed In Tabriz


Howard Baskerville was an American teacher in the Presbyterian mission school in Tabriz when he decided to join the Constitutional Revolution Movement and fought against the Qajar King Mohammad Ali Shah. In 1909 Russian Cossacks laid a siege on Tabriz trying to break the resistance. When he was aske... Read Full Article:


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July, 1, 1909 A.D.:
Regulations For Second Parliament Elections


Second election regulations also called 2 phase elections were approved according to which more civil participation was foreseen. All voters should own a property worth al least 250 Tomans, or their taxes paid be above 10 Tomans or they should have a yearly income of 50 Tomans or they should be educ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Mohammad_Ali_Shah_Sword.jpg

July, 16, 1909 A.D.:
Shah Seeks Refuge At Russian Embassy


Mohammad Ali Shah had lost all local support. His last hope was the Russian military to suppress the Constitutional Monarchy Movement. After a long siege that led to famine, Russian forces captured Tabriz on April, 29, 1909. Meanwhile, Mojahedin forces advanced towards Tehran from Rasht and took Qaz... Read Full Article:


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July, 23, 1909 A.D.:
Ahmad Qajar Leaves Russian Embassy


At the peak of the Constitutional Monarchy Movement, Mojahedin reached Tehran by July, 1909 and defeated Cossack forces of Colonel Liakhoff. Mohammad Ali Shah sought refuge at the Russian embassy in Tehran on July, 16 and he was preparing to flee the country. Finally, Qajar tribal leaders reached an... Read Full Article:


Majles_Second_Term.jpg

November, 15, 1909 A.D.:
Majlis Second Term Begins


Parliamentary elections were held for the second time in Persia in 1909. The Social Democratic Party won 48% of the seats, whilst the Democratic Party won 24%. The new Parliament convened on 19 November.Azadolmolk, as regent to 13 year old Ahmad Shah formed a committee of 20 members in which followi... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Prince_Ahmad_Mirza_Shah_1909.jpg

November, 22, 1909 A.D.:
13 Year Old Becomes Last Qajar King


After 5 months of political chaos, the high council of the constitutional monarchy stripped Mohammad Ali Shah off his powers as king due to his negligence towards constitution and seeking shelter at the Russian embassy, and then appointed 13 year old Ahmad Shah as the new king. Some evidences sugges... Read Full Article:

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