The Iranian History Era :

Kharazm Dynasty (1077 - 1231) AD

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March, 6, 1079 A.D.:
Jalali/Persian Calendar Invented

A group of astronomers including famous Omar Khayyam created the new solar calendar known as Jalali calendar, named after Malekshah, a Seljuk king who founded Isfahan observatory. The most precise calculations of solar year were integrated into this calendar that used solar passes through zodiac for... Read Full Article:


October, 31, 1083 A.D.:
Turanshah Becomes King Of Kerman

Great Seljuk's authority extended over other lines which included rulers of Hamedan, Kerman, Syria and Anatolia. Turanshah from the Seljuk dynasty, son of Qavurd proclaimed king of Kerman which covered a vast area stretching down to the Persian Gulf and included Oman. After Alparslan's death, Maleks... Read Full Article:


September, 3, 1090 A.D.:
Hasan Sabbah Captures Alamout

Life of mystic leader Hasan Sabbah and stories behind Alamout Castle have been source of many mysterious stories. Born in Rhagae as a 12 Imam Shia Muslim, Hasan Sabbah adopted Ismailism after his trip to Egypt in 1078 and when he returned to Iran in 1080, he began spreading the word. Ismailism is a ... Read Full Article:


November, 2, 1092 A.D.:
Nezamolmolk Assassinated

Nezamolmolk, the famous Iranian politician who served as Vezir during the Seljuk occupation was assassinated by Abu Taher Arani on Nov, 2, 1092 (Nov, 14 which coincides with Ramazan, 10, 485 according to some other accounts). Nezamolmolk served Seljuk Alparslan and his son Malekshah and had great ac... Read Full Article:


May, 21, 1097 A.D.:
First Crusaders Defeat Seljuks

Following the death of Malekshah, disunity within the Seljuk realms allowed for the unexpected success of the First Crusade. Kilij Arslan established the Seljuk Rum empire and chose Iznik as his capital. After he defeated the first wave of Crusaders in 1096 and killed about 30,000 near Iznik, he hea... Read Full Article:


May, 10, 1119 A.D.:
Seljuk Kings Clash At Saveh

The war of Saveh took place between armies of Sultan Sanjar and his nephew Sultan Mahmoud from the Seljuk dynasty. Although the war was won by Sultan Sanjar, he pardoned Mahmoud and spared his life. Seljuks consisted of several Turkish dynasties ruling over a great part of western Asia including Per... Read Full Article:


March, 30, 1120 A.D.:
Manouchehr 2. Becomes Shervan King

After his father Fereydoun was killed in a battle with Georgians, Manouchehr 2 becomes new king of the Shirvan region on March, 30, 1120. Shirvan or Shervan was a coastal region by the Caspian Sea in Caucasia. The Sassanid Emperor used to appoint an independent general for Shirvan in order to create... Read Full Article:


June, 19, 1124 A.D.:
Hassan Sabbah Dies

The darkest days of the Iranian history is associated with the Turkic tribal invasions, not only because of misery inflicted on citizens but also due to the fact that Iranians could no longer live as farmers because of constant attacks from bandits. This period generated a cult of Ismailism leaded b... Read Full Article:


January, 20, 1138 A.D.:
Assassin Master Kia Bozorg Dies

Kia Bozorg, the Grand Master of the Alamout castle died and was succeeded by his son Mohammad. He in turn was followed by his son Ḥasan who declared himself a descendant of Imam and carried on the New Cause. Hasan held a great assembly on August 8, 1164 in which he declared himself the Imam, thus ... Read Full Article:


March, 26, 1194 A.D.:
Last Seljuk King Killed

After almost a century, the Seljuk dynasty reached its end. Following Sultan Sanjar's death, the Seljuks entered a power struggle which gave the Kharazm king Ilarslan the opportunity to capture most of Transoxiana and parts of Khorasan. Upon Ilarslan's death, his son Alaaddin Takesh won a decisive b... Read Full Article:


August, 16, 1227 A.D.:
Farakhtay Turks Capture Kerman

During the savage conquest of Chengiz Khan in Persia and on top of the miseries suffered by Bukhara, Samarkand, Toos, Neishabour, Herat and all other small and big cities burning in smoke, while the soil was soaking with blood of civilians, Jalaladdin Kharazmshah had to deal with the faithlessness a... Read Full Article:


August, 18, 1227 A.D.:
Chengiz Khan Dies In Kansu

Chengiz Khan was born in 1162 in Mongolia. The founder of Mongol empire is infamous for his brutality for slaughtering entire population of resisting cities and destroying infrastructures. Under Mongols, total population of Persia fell from 2,500,000 to 250,000 due to mass extermination and famine. ... Read Full Article:


August, 10, 1230 A.D.:
Last Battle Of Kharazmshah

Jalaladdin was the last ruler of the Kharazmian Dynasty trying to regain their lost glory after the Mongol invasion. After his defeat against the Mongolian horde of Chengiz Khan at Battle of Indus which was fought at the Indus River in today's Pakistan, in the year 1221, Jalaladdin and his only rema... Read Full Article:


August, 15, 1231 A.D.:
Jalaladdin Kharazmshah Assassinated

Jalaladdin Kharazmshah was murdered in Diyarbakir by a Kurdish assassin thus putting an end to the Kharazmian Empire. After the raid of Mongols headed by Chengiz Khan in 1220, his father Alaaddin Mohammad was defeated and died on an island in the Caspian sea same year. He fled to India but could not... Read Full Article:


July, 1, 1251 A.D.:
Second Mongol Expedition Of Persia

According to Mongol traditions, after Kuyuk died in 1248, a tent assembly was convened to elect Mangu as the new leader.Hulagu was assigned to a great new expedition to Persia. After making necessary preparations, Hulagu started from Karakorum in July, 1252. This was the second Mongol invasion of Ir... Read Full Article:


November, 19, 1256 A.D.:
Alamout Surrenders To Hulagu

The last Grand Master of Alamout was Roknoddin who allegedly plotted his father Alaaddin's murder on December 1,1255. Meanwhile Hulagu was continuing his expedition of Persia. He captured some of the most important strongholds of Assassins and the inhabitants were put to death in March 1956. Roknodd... Read Full Article:

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