By: Mir M.Hosseini
Abbas Mirza, the son of Fathali Shah was named the Crown Prince to ascend the throne as the third Qajar king. However he died one year before his father and took his dreams of the crown to the grave. Born on Aug, 26, 1789, he quickly showed strong military abilities and tried to modernize the Iranian army. But his dependence on foreign aid did not help him much in the Battle of Aslandooz, lost to numerically inferior Russian army in October, 1813. Iran was forced to sign the Gulistan Treaty with Russia. He could earn some victories in the battle of Erzurum against the Ottomans in 1821 resulting in a peace treaty in 1823. His next campaign against Russians that started in 1826 ended in disaster and Iran was forced to sign the Infamous Turkmenchai Agreement in 1828.
Thus it seems that much of the things said about his strong military abilities were just a part of the propaganda campaign to appease the people. The Qajar started a tradition of deception and lies that was unprecedented. Abbas Mirza died in Mashhad in 1833. His eldest son Mohammad succeeded Fathali Shah in 1834.