By: Mir M.Hosseini
The construction of the Shahyad tower started on Nov, 2, 1969 and was completed on Jan, 14, 1972. The Azadi tower located in the Azadi square has become a symbol of Tehran during the years. In 1967, a draft presented by Hossein Amanat, an engineer from Tehran University won the competition which took place among top architects and designers.
During the inauguration ceremony, attended by the deposed king Mohammad Reza Shah, the famous Cyrus cylinder was presented to the audience. Also known as the first charter of human rights, the historical item is currently kept in the British museum. The tower was first named Shahyad tower located in a square with the same name. The three story Shahyad tower combines architectural structures from Achaemenid, Sassanid, and Islamic era and is 45 meters tall. There is a museum and a library inside the building. The tower was renamed as Azadi meaning liberty after the revolution.