By: Mir M.Hosseini
After the assassination of Mohammad Khan, his nephew Fathali Shah was defeated by Russia in two wars despite a decree calling for the holy war. He was Iran's most incompetent ruler in memory that gave everything to Russia to stay in power and secure his son Abbas Mirza as heir to the throne. By this treaty Iran left Georgia and Azerbaijan to Russians, gave away exclusive rights of navigation in the Caspian sea, and a free trade pact gave Russians permission to run business anywhere in Iran. An influential British diplomat played the role of mediator and the treaty was signed in the village of Gulistan in Karabagh.