By: Mir M.Hosseini
The notorious army of Ashur Banipal captured Susa and razed it to ground. The Assyrians had built a very strong army that ruled over a vast area without any tolerance for other civilizations. Their source of wealth was plundering the weak and not let them regain power. They enslaved many nations including the Jews. After they destroyed the Elam kingdom leaving behind an ancient ruin called the Burnt City.
In a tablet unearthed in 1854, Ashur Banipal boasts of the destruction he had wrought:
“ Susa, the great holy city, abode of their Gods, seat of their mysteries, I conquered. I entered its palaces, I opened their treasuries where silver and gold, goods and wealth were amassed…I destroyed the ziggurat of Susa. I smashed its shining copper horns. I reduced the temples of Elam to naught; their gods and goddesses I scattered to the winds. The tombs of their ancient and recent kings I devastated, I exposed to the sun, and I carried away their bones toward the land of Ashur. I devastated the provinces of Elam and on their lands I sowed salt. ”
An alliance between the Medians and Persians put an end to the Assyrian terror forever. After their defeat, many Medians were settled in the region in order to prevent Assyrians from emerging again. Susa was rebuilt during the Achaemenid era and became the second winter capital for official affairs. Construction of the Apadana palace was successfully finished in 521 BC