(Rasekhoon) - On December, 28, 1974 Ayatollah Hossein Ghaffari, died in the prison of the Pahlavi regime. Ayatollah Ghaffari was known as a highly knowledgeable clergyman who opposed puppet dictator Mohammad Reza Shah, he was a supporter of Ayatollah Khomeini and spoke out after he was sent to exile.
Ayatollah Ghaffari did not remain silent witnessing injustice in the Pahlavi regime. He wrote books and published articles in magazines that revealed the cruelty of the regime. In addition, he also voiced his opposition to the despot ruler. As a result, he was repeatedly arrested and imprisoned. Finally, after being tortured in prison, Ayatollah Ghaffari became martyr.
Ayatollah Sheikh Hossein Ghaffari was born in Azar Shahr in 1916. His father died when he was a kid and he led a life in poverty. After primary school, he went to Tabriz and lived as a clergy for 30 years. He then went to Qom and became a student of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, the famous Shia Marja.
After 11 years in Qom, Ayatollah Ghaffari moved to Tehran and became active in political struggle against the Pahlavi regime. He was one of those involved in the famous 15 Khordad Uprising also known as June 5, 1963 demonstrations in Iran. After the uprising, he was arrested and tortured but he was released and because of the heavy suffocating atmosphere created by SAVAK, many opposition groups went underground.
Ayatollah Ghaffari was repeatedly imprisoned and tortured and suffered heavily. The Pahlavi regime arrested his children, brother and his wife in order to make him submit.
His final arrest came in June 1974. On the eve of his death, his son paid a last visit. He witnessed his father in poor physical conditions; broken arms and feet with bruises all over his body; the SAVAK torturers had broken most of his teeth.
Ayatollah Ghaffari died on December, 28, 1974 at the age of 58. He was buried in Qom.