By: Mir M.Hosseini
The Veresk Bridge is a marvel of engineering in Iran. Constructions began in Nov, 1934, and the bridge was constructed mostly by Germans before World War II. The engineering team included an Austrian engineer named Walter Inger and a German named Ladislaus Von Rabsevic. The Veresk Bridge was inaugurated on Apr, 12, 1936. Reza Shah personally attended the ceremony which took place in his hometown. It's been narrated that the king asked foreign engineers and their families to stand under the bridge while the first train was passing because people had a fear that the narrow bridge would collapse under the heavy load of a train!
The Veresk Bridge took its name from a technician from Czechoslovakia whose name was hard to pronounce for Iranians, the bridge is located in Veresk District of Savadkooh County, in Mazandaran Province, 85 kilometers south of Ghaemshahr.
During World War II, it was known as the Pol-e Piroozi (The Bridge of victory). The bridge stands at 110 m tall and its arch measures 66 m long. The bridge serves the Trans-Iranian Railway network in Northern Iran. An interesting side of the Veresk Bridge is that no metal structures were used in it and construction took place with very primitive tools such as hand drills and dynamites, and the main material was bricks, sand and cement.
The Veresk Bridge connects the railway between Tehran and the Caspian Sea region and connects two of the mountains in the Abbasabad region. The bridge is one of the masterpieces of engineering.
Underneath the bridge is a memorial structure built in memory of all the construction workers who lost their life in the course of building the Veresk Bridge and its nearby tunnels. The Chief Engineer, Austrian Walter Inger, who wanted to be buried at Veresk area after his death, is also buried in this location. Under the bridge, there is an underground tunnel where trains pass after crossing the bridge so that altitude drops gradually before pulling into the train station.
Total cost of this project was 2,600,000 Rials. Today, after 75 years, on average four trains connecting Tehran to Gorgan or Sari pass over this bridge every day.