(Werzit) - Iranians, under their national leader Dr. Mosaddegh were determined to end a long-term British robbery that had been institutionalized after the occupation of the country in 1943. The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) was practically stealing Iran's natural resources for free.
After the final Nationalization of Oil plan was approved by the Majlis on April 28, 1951 Britain warships blockaded the Iranian Port of Abadan by invading Iranian waters, and threatened the occupation of Abadan by paratroopers for the ostensible pretext of protecting British interests. Abadan was the site of the world's largest oil refinery, part of Anglo-Iranian Oil Co.
On 22 August, the British cabinet imposed a series of economic sanctions on Iran. It prohibited exports of key British commodities, including sugar and steel, directed the withdrawal of all British personnel from Iranian oil fields and all but a hard core of about 300 administrators from Abadan and blocked Iran's access to its hard currency accounts in British banks.
After withdrawal of the British workers in the fall of 1951, the Iranians felt confident that they could easily hire non-British technicians to run the industry and then quickly train their own nationals to replace them. Unfortunately, this did not prove to be the case; the United States, Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany all refused to make their technicians available to the nationalized Iranian industry. Only Italy complied, demonstrating that most industrialized countries supported Britain over Iran in the nationalization dispute.
In July 1952, the British Navy intercepted the Italian tanker Rose Mary and forced it into the British protectorate of Aden on the grounds that the ship's petroleum was stolen property. News that the Royal Navy was intercepting tankers carrying Iranian oil scared off other tankers and effectively shut down oil exports from Iran.
Although most of Iranians braced for a confrontation with the British imperialism, some political fractions betrayed the national cause and elements within the army co-operated with the American spies in destabilizing the country and finally toppling the democratic government of Dr. Mosaddegh on Aug, 19, 1953 by a notorious coup d'etat.
The CIA-MI6 operators re-installed the puppet king Mohammad Reza Shah in power. He reigned as the last dictator of the Pahlavi Dynasty until the Islamic Revolution of 1979 under the leadership of Imam Khomeini.
Historically, the Iranian quest for independence and freedom has never stopped and the challenge against a world order created by slave-traders and sea-pirates has been continuing in every field including; economy, culture, military and politics stretching the battleground to cyberspace today.