By: Mir M.Hosseini
Shiraz University traces its roots to 1946, with the establishment of a technical college aimed at training specialists in the medical sciences with a four year program.
Initially called the High Institute of Health, it developed into a medical school in 1950. In 1953, the Namazi School of Nursing and the Colleges of Agriculture and Arts and Sciences were established.
With the addition of the College of Engineering and College of Veterinary Medicine in 1954, the school was elevated to university-status and named after the reigning Pahlavi Dynasty.
A draft bill regarding foundation of Pahlavi University of Shiraz was submitted to Majlis, the Iranian Parliament on Dec, 12, 1963. The bill in 18 sections was approved by Majlis on May, 27, 1964.
On Nov, 6, 1967 Mohammad Reza Shah showed off the construction of the campus project by pressing a button initiating an explosion in mountains near Shiraz. The head of the project was famous architect Minoru Yamasaki. The campus was completed after the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
Shiraz University is a prestigious public university and one of the major universities of Iran in Engineering known as the heart of science and technology in southern Iran, ranking among Top 5 Iranian universities. The Shiraz University has the second biggest campus in Iran after the Islamic Azad University. Currently the University has over 20,000 students, with 82 Bachelor's degree programs (B.A., B.S.), 175 Master's degrees programs (M.A., M.S.), one professional degree program (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine), and 79 Ph.D. programs.
Although the official language of instruction in Shiraz University is Persian, a large number of lecture materials, reference books, homework assignments and even exams are in English. This is especially true for the engineering school where electrical and electronics engineering, computer engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, material science & engineering and chemical engineering programs introduce English textbooks to students as the main references. This makes sense because it usually takes a few years for translations of sources to be published which might already be outdated.