By: Mir M.Hosseini
Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance was founded on March 2, 1986, based on a legislation passed by the Parliament, under President Ali Khamenei. Also known as Ershad, it replaced the ministry of Culture in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
In 1964 Ministry of Culture and Art was formed.
In 1965, the Ministry of Culture and Art was in charge of public libraries all across the country.
On March 7, 1978 based on legislation passed by the Council of the Islamic Revolution, the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education was formed by integration of two ministries of Culture and Art and Science and Higher Education.
In 1981, the Ministry of National Guidance was renamed as Ministry of Islamic Guidance
Today, Ershad is responsible for restricting access to any media of which the Islamic Regime does not approve.
Ershad is in charge of import and export of motion picture, cinematographic and television films, audio tapes, phonographic discs, books and other publications, brochures, pamphlets, commercial advertisement products, business catalogues, pictures, gravures, paintings, tableaux, etc., licenses are required to be obtained from the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.
Affiliated organizations of this ministry are as follows:
- Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA)
- Hajj, Endowment and Charity Affairs Organization
- Iran and World Tourism Centers Organization
- Printing and Publication Organization of Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance
- Center for Cultural Documents of Islamic Revolution
Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini was appointed as the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance on Sep, 3, 2009.