By: Mir M.Hosseini
The Ministry of Commerce of Iran was formed on January 1, 2000 under President Mohammad Khatami. It was the main organ of the government in charge of regulation and implementation of policies applicable to domestic and foreign trade. Its goals included:
• Implementing commercial strategies and regulations,
• Promoting exports,
• Development programs,
• Import and export regulations,
• Pricing of domestic commodities,
• Domestic and international trade fairs and exhibitions.
The Ministry of Commerce was also in charge of managing the process of accession to the WTO.
Both the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Industries and Mines were dissolved on August 3, 2011, and were superseded by the Ministry of Industries and Business.
The Ministry of Industries and Mines was the main organ of Iranian government in charge of regulation and implementation of policies applicable to industrial and mine sectors.
On August,3 2011, the Ministry of Industries and Business became the body responsible for regulation and implementation of policies applicable to domestic and foreign trade and also regulation and implementation of policies applicable to industrial and mine sectors that formed.
The short history of Ministry of Commerce in Iran is a good case study for applying Trial and Error in state institutions which is an experimental method of problem solving; also known as guess and check, rather than using scientific methods. Trial and error is usually a last resort for a particular problem, as there are a number of problems with it. For one, trial and error is tedious and monotonous. Also, it is very time and resource-consuming. Trial and Error is a characteristic of oriental approach in less developed countries in which people at top managerial levels with inadequate expertise and background spend less time in measuring and analysis and more time on fix and repair, thus wasting national resources without any responsibility or accountability.
Dr. Mehdi Ghazanfari is the current Minister of Industries and Business since 3 August 2011. He was Minister of Commerce in the second cabinet of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from 9 August 2009.