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Ottomans Offer Peace

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October, 20, 1612 A.D.:
Ottomans Offer Peace

By: Mir M.Hosseini

Peace came with Ottoman Empire Nov, 20, 1612 after Iranians took back much of the territory lost in 1590 according to the peace treaty of Istanbul.
Shah Abbas I of Persia had to concede vast areas in Northwest Iran and Caucasus to the Ottoman Empire by the Treaty of Istanbul in 1590. After solving problems at home Shah Abbas was planning to regain the losses. He waited for a suitable moment to attack. He saw his chance in 1603 when 14 years old sultan Ahmad I ascended to Ottoman throne. Ottoman Empire was engaged in a long and costly war against the Holy Roman Empire, so called Long war (1593-1606) and there were a series of revolts in Anatolia named Jalali revolts.
Shah Abbas and his general Allahverdi Khan in a surprise attack began to regain the territories lost in 1590. The Ottoman Empire raised an army but both their top commanders died in Diyarbakir and the Ottoman army suffered from lack of able commandership. Finally, to stop forwarding Persian army, Vezir Nasuh Pasha offered to sign a treaty. The peace offer was ratified in Isfahan on Apr, 16, 1613.

KEY TERMS:Allah , Allahverdi , Allahverdi Khan , Anatolia , Caucasus , Diyarbakir , Iran , Iranian , Isfahan , Istanbul , Jalali , Khan , Nasuh Pasha , Ottoman , Ottoman Empire , Persia , Persian , Roman , Shah , Shah Abbas , Vezir

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