By: Mir M.Hosseini
The 12th Majlis term started on Oct, 25, 1939 and officially inaugurated on Nov, 2.
Reza Shah attended the inauguration ceremony on Oct, 26 though he was a dictator who had no tolerance for opposition voices and Majlis elections were just formalities. Most of political dissidents were either killed, jailed or sent to exile.
WWII began on Sep, 1, 1939 with Germany's invasion of Poland. Germany headed a coalition named Axis Powers with Italy, and Japan against the Allied Powers consisting of Britain, France, USSR, U.S., and China. The sympathies of Reza Shah, seemed to be with the Axis Powers. There were a some Germans in Iran working as specialists or businessmen. Allied Powers insisted on their removal after the German invasion of Russia in June 1941, but Reza Shah put his bet on the wrong horse and in August, British and Russian troops invaded the country despite the fact that Iran had declared neutrality. The Trans-Iranian Railway which Reza Shah had built became one of the main routes for the supply to Russia of arms and other essentials.
During an emergency session on Sep,17, 1941, Reza Shah abdicated in favor of his son, Mohammad Reza who was sworn in as the new monarch on the next day. Reza Shah resignation gave Majlis a chance to pass some important laws including a general amnesty on political prisoners, a draft to increase public servant salaries, and a bill to put bandits on trial in civil courts instead of military courts.
Majlis 12th term ended soon on Oct, 31, 1941.